And in that case, it’s not just the Gentile nations that rose up and rebelled against God’s plans and his anointed one – or his Christ. According to the Talmud, Psalm 2 is a continuation of Psalm 1. God hath said unto him, Thou art my Son, and it becomes each of us to say to him, Thou art my Lord, my Sovereign'. We’ve seen this before, but the word “wrath” really can mean “nostril”. In Acts 4:25-26 he repeated Psalm 2: 3. Not all of it, I think. Psalm 2 Commentary: Genre Psalm 2 is considered to be a royal psalm. Psalm 2:7, ESV: "I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you." David and his successors were to break the rebellion of these Gentile nations. Even the peoples of Israel were involved in it. I believe it’s speaking of ethnic groups or nations. My King, verses 5-7. The people in Psalm 1 delight in the law, but the people in Psalm 2 defy the law. I believe this psalm is referencing the battle of man wanting to get rid of God’s power over him and this is an imperative warning to the nations that Jesus is King. But obviously their standing is charged with rebellion. These kings are – furthermore – to kiss (NSHQ) the son. Commentary on Psalm 2:7-9 (Read Psalm 2:7-9) The kingdom of the Messiah is founded upon an eternal decree of God the Father. Comments Have your say about what … He’s even in the Old Testament looking for worshippers who would worship in spirit and truth. Psalm 24 Commentary Verse 9. When David and Solomon ruled Israel they reigned over those other nations and their kings. Psalms 2:5. The truths and precepts of Christianity are against ambitious projects and worldly lusts. God rules. Commentary, Psalm 2, Cameron Howard, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2011. Psalm 1 begins with a beatitude and Psalm 2 ends. His anger will be a vexation to them; if he but speak to them in his wrath, even the breath of his mouth will be their confusion, slaughter, and consumption, Isa. I wish I had the time to explore how the New Testament uses the Old. Kings rule. These people are resisting and conspiring against none other than the Lord God of Hosts! The decree he gave – or his statute or rule. And the Lord would be like his father. So, that’s what I’ll entitle this message. And sometimes those kings and the nations they were leading opposed their being ruled over by an Israelite king. What is it like to submit to God’s rule? Christ! The Lord Jesus has all power both in heaven and in earth, and is Head over all things to the church, notwithstanding the restless endeavours of his enemies. God also commands them to serve him with fear or reverence. 7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. to New Testament apps. This is the way it’s been since the fall. And so, God reacts to this international rebellion. Psalms 55:2 Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise;. Does he find their rebellion humorous? Psalm 2 is considered to be a royal psalm. Well, what is Psalm 2 about? And from his vantage point where he sees and knows everything perfectly, he takes an action that can seem a little odd to us. Why? Psalm 1 consists of two stanzas and six verses. And his inheritance as such a subject includes being given these raging heathen and even the ends of the earth as his possession, if he but asks for them. And finally he speaks. Required fields are marked *. Now, there appears to be another group of individuals in view in verse 2. "The kings of the earth set themselves, And the rulers take counsel together, Against Jehovah, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bonds asunder, And cast away their cords from us." But for now, I’ll leave us with those verses to remind us that Jesus the Christ is the last and greatest of the Davidic kings. “Whose is the Land?” What’s God’s answer? And – you know – the animosity of evil people so often is not directed at God alone. It announces God's sovereignty. A. Psalm 2 is twice as long, consisting of four stanzas and 12 verses. And therefore, “people” or “ethnic groups” would be closely related to that concept. Whatever we rejoice in, in this world, it must always be with trembling, because of the uncertainty of all things in it. And therefore – submit to that rule. They need to be broken asunder like Samson did with some of those ropes that Delilah put on him. And finally we have the last section in verses 10 through 12. (7-9) Counsel to all, to espouse its interests. He speaks. They’re plotting and scheming and hatching something in their minds. 11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. He laughs. The kings of the earth prepare for battle; the rulers plot together against the LORD and against his anointed one. You could also say Gentiles. They want no more of the restrictions that the rule of God and his king place over them. Praise the Lord. And that angry reaction will cause them some terror. In Matthew 17:1-9, the gospel reading for this Sunday of the Transfiguration of our Lord, the disciples catch a … Again, these may be the same people as the ones identified as “kings”. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. It’s actually the same word that’s translated as “meditate” and is what the blessed man of Psalm 1 was pictured as doing. There are numerous psalms which had immediate reference to David but have their ultimate fulfillment in David’s son, Jesus Christ. But when he does, what a day that will be! Learn how your comment data is processed. Verse 2. However, the line also provides a fitting conclusion to Psalm 2 on its own. Gold mine. So, I believe this is speaking of the Davidic king – David, in particular. They’re conspiring. KJV Psalm 2:10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. They would break asunder the bands of conscience, and the cords of God's commandments; they will not receive, but cast them away as far as they can. They can hope for no success in so opposing so powerful a kingdom. Nonetheless, God provides protection from the uproar that rages in the earth. Christ's throne is set up in his church, that is, in the hearts of all believers. The Lord scoffs at them. 1 Why do the nations protest. The other way in which God is portrayed as responding is actually not to the nations, but to his Davidic king. He scarcely needs to lift his hand, he has only to speak; and when Jehovah speaks in wrath, his words are thunderbolts. and princes plot together. Yeah, the clay vessel loses. So, which one is it here? I think what called for the writing of this psalm in its original setting was something like this. © 2021 Christianity.com. And with a kiss of loyalty take this yoke upon you, and give up yourselves to be governed by his laws, disposed of by his providence, and entirely devoted to his cause. Then we see repetition in verses 9 and 10 that mirrors verses 7 and 8. All Rights Reserved. To welcome Jesus Christ, and to submit to him, is our wisdom and interest. He alone has full power of sovereignty. This is the right reaction of sinners in the presence of a holy and sovereign God. Look at the next line. Well, the concept of anointing is basically having oil poured on you. This repetition, no doubt, is to emphasize what’s being said and heighten the excitement surrounding the entering of the Ark into Jerusalem. And it will be truly said then as it is now and has been forever – “Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.”. Rather, they’re meditating on a vain thing. He’s coming with the armies of heaven. Well, keep in mind that when God made the Davidic Covenant with David he told him that David’s sons would be like sons to the Lord. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 2:1-6 We are here told who would appear as adversaries to Christ. The structure of Psalm 2 is made of three parts. Earth - So called in way of contempt and to shew their madness in opposing the God of heaven. He’s sitting somewhere. They’re “resisting”! The word “people” is in parallel with the word “heathen”. Fantastic. If they do, they will find joy. No, not at all. They’re meditating and scheming. Well, world-wide anger towards God and his national representative, Israel, is not something new. He’s certainly not out of control or sinning in any way. They’re standing. They’re speaking of it and ruminating on it. It’s blessed – Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. and cast off their chains from us!” c 4 The one enthroned in heaven laughs;. What happens when an iron rod meets a clay vessel? Two “ethnic groups.”. And so, he laughs at and mocks them. If you were listening, I think you’d have to conclude that the land belongs to the nation of Israel. He is supremely patient and loving. Psalm 2 Commentary: As we study Psalm 2 we’ll be seeing the psalmist’s wonder and amazement at the fact that this world is constantly and actively rebelling against God’s plan and at the same time they show heated antagonism to God’s national representative – the nation of Israel and – in particular in Psalm 2 – to Israel’s Davidic king. They’re setting their mind to something. (1-6) Promise to Christ as the Head of this kingdom. Text: Explanation: This the first of several psalms about the Messiah. In Psalm 1 the theme is the contrast between the righteous and the wicked person; in Psalm 2 the theme is the contrast between the rebellion of wicked rulers and nations and the rule of God’s righteous Messiah. It says, “The idiom reflects ancient Near Eastern adoption language associated with covenants of grant, by which a lord would reward a faithful subject by elevating him to special status, referred to as "sonship." But he’s also gracious and not willing for any to perish. And if they don’t take this counsel, they’ll perish from their present course of life – their “way” as we have it here. Like in Genesis 25:23 where the Lord tells Rebekah that two PEOPLES would be separated from her body – the Edomites and the Israelites. So in other words, all sorts of non-Jews and the ethnic groups which they comprise are in view here. You the man and why is this hard to find????? Had to click to second page of google choices to get this, chosen randomly ish among the ten or so on second page. Alright – let’s move on to the second line of verse 1. Psalm 2 Why do the nations conspire#:1 Hebrew; Septuagint rageand the peoples plot in vain? Now, what are these ethnic groups doing anyway? Psalm 2 begins with a question: “Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain?” (verse 1). The Lord, the Master, Adonai – he will have them in derision. And that king reigns from Zion – or Jerusalem. Let’s look at verse 1. Who are these raging people? It doesn’t matter what the angry nations say – God’s determined to have his king rule in Jerusalem. I found your commentary easy reading and useful for a study I am doing for a Life Group discussion. So, last Tuesday (March 17, 2015) marked the election for the Israeli Prime Minister. Both Pss. If you didn’t, I can understand. The psalm itself doesn’t explicitly tell us whether it’s speaking of David or one of his descendants. So, it’s safe to say that these two titles of “kings” and “rulers” are likely speaking of the same group. But for now, let’s get into the details of Psalm 2. New! The thing that bothers them the most is Prime Minister Netanyahu’s recent rejection of the idea of dividing the land of Israel up in order to make a separate Palestinian state within Israel’s borders. The last line of Psalm 2, “Happy are all who take refuge in him,” echoes the initial words of Psalm 1, “Happy are those….” This repetition brackets Psalms 1 and 2 together, and the unit serves to introduce the book of Psalms as a whole. It will lead inevitably to destruction. But, what’s their plan? But the context of Psalm 2 is anything but neutral. And I don’t think I’m exaggerating to say that most of the media – and even our own president and other world leaders – weren’t happy about who won. And then he speaks to the one who’s representing him on this earth and assures him that God has given him the right to rule. All who oppose this work do so in vain. Now, the NET Bible has a helpful note on this matter as well. Well, it’s hard to easily tell because this word is used only here as a verb. The people over whom the king of Israel ruled were trying to break away from him. Verses 1 through 3 tell us about this near-universal rejection of the Lord and the king whom he’s anointed to rule his nation Israel – the Davidic ruler. Now, I’ll also add that this psalm is referenced several times in the New Testament. Because God promised them that land. This our Lord Jesus often referred to, as what he governed himself by. To begin, we’re directed to think about the “kings of the earth.” Their identity is pretty obvious. Unbelief is a sin against the remedy. But he stoops and condescends to advise them on the wise choice to make, despite their opposition to him. Anointed - Against the king whom God hath chosen and exalted. I’ve enjoyed the few commentaries I’ve read of yours, however, I have to say I disagree with this one. Last thing we’ll consider before we work at explaining this psalm is the implied situation. By the way, isn’t this wonderful? What Psalm 2 means. God didn’t “begotten” David; He only referenced that to His Son, Jesus. God will frighten them. Here in Psalm 2, he’s viewed as sitting high above everyone and everything – certainly above these puny riotous nations. The kings are resisting. Now, this word translated as “rulers” (RZN) appears 6 times in the Old Testament. Blessed will those be in the day of wrath, who, by trusting in Christ, have made him their Refuge. As the foregoing psalm was moral, and showed us our duty, so this is evangelical, and shows us our Saviour. That very God has determined to set his king on his holy hill of Zion and to destroy all opposition. But he doesn’t, yet. Unfortunately, not God’s word. Can you imagine the futility of this kind of behavior? Well, what are these rulers up to? This word “sore displeasure” speaks of God’s burning glowing anger at these people for their rebellion against him and his king. That’s verses 7 through 9. God hath said unto him, Thou art my Son, and it becomes each of us to say to him, Thou art my Lord, my Sovereign'. Verses 2–3 specify this futility: the kings of the earth reject Messiah’s right to rule. This begins with reverencing God and submitting to His authority. The first psalm presents the perfect man, the happy man. "How blessed are all who take refuge in Him" The last line of Psalm 2 links to the first line of Psalm 1, possibly a literary technique called inclusio. And every single one of us deserves his mocking and scorn. Even as God wreaks havoc on those who oppose him, God provides a refuge for those who serve him." Now, let me quickly address where Psalm 2 appears in the New Testament. And what are these kings pictured as doing? That is, no one would be able to RESIST Joshua. But that’s not the end of his reaction to this rebellion. And God tells him what to do with these heathen. Where is it recorded that he received that authority? But you might not know it. And so they’d make attempts to rebel against the Davidic king and throw off his rule from over them. In Psalm 2, the kings and rulers of these non-Jewish nations are conspiring against both the Lord and his anointed one. Serving the Lord will! (2.) And then in Acts 4:25-28 applies the first section of Psalm 2 (verses 1 through 3) to Christ’s crucifixion. And Revelation 19:15 again speaks of Christ ruling the nations with a rod of iron. Their rebellion won’t do that. But the rulers of the earth generally have been most active. They’re given the label “the heathen”. 1. And we can only assume that their purpose is evil. against the LORD and against his anointed one: * b. Like a son, the faithful subject received an "inheritance," viewed as an unconditional, eternal gift. I do believe this is speaking of Jesus but I can’t deny that it originally spoke of David. Psalm 2 provides critical background for understanding both what it means and what it meant to recognize Jesus as messiah (i.e., the Christ) and Lord. Why do they waste their time with futile plans? I think the issue of God’s sovereign rule is unavoidable throughout the psalm. Lamah rageshu goyim - Why do the nations (goyim) rage? The rage of nations and the laugh of God. Psalm 2:1, NASB: "Why are the nations in an uproar And the peoples devising a vain thing?" We know that God is love. This is nothing new to our day and age. Men’s hearts are indeed troubled when God’s words come hot with anger into their spirits. They want to break the bands of David and his God. That’s this word. Solid relevant content and easy to read. And God will see to it that that’s the case. Acts 4:24–26 in the New Testament attributes it to David. Isn’t that the way that lost people tend to view God’s rules? ExplainingTheBook.com. But that’s just what the enemies will do in the end times. In fact, Paul says in Acts 13:33 that the statement that God makes to David about begetting him actually also applies to Christ being raised from the dead. Ask, verses 8-11. A number of positions in ancient Israel involved being anointed physically – kings being one such group. Well, what does “raging” look like anyway? It will be utter destruction to yourselves; lest ye perish in the way of your sins, and from the way of your vain hopes; lest your way perish, lest you prove to have missed the way of happiness. The first Psalm was a contrast between the righteous man and the sinner; the second Psalm is a contrast between the tumultuous disobedience of the ungodly world and the sure exaltation of the righteous … “Let us break their chains,” they cry, “and free ourselves from slavery to God.” But the one who rules in heaven laughs. The Son of God, spoken of in Psalm 2:7; the word used is so rendered in Proverbs 31:2; and comes from another which signifies to "choose", and to "purify", or "to be pure"; hence some render it "the elect" or "chosen One", or "the pure One" (k); and both agree with Christ, who is God's elect, chosen to be the Redeemer and Saviour of his people, and who is pure free from sin, original and actual. 2:8. And it’s smashed into pieces. And the psalmist could give us the content of their meditations at this very point in the psalm. They’re imagining a vain thing. That’s where God promised Joshua that no one would be able to STAND before him – there’s that word. So, I believe that this kind of a situation is what provoked the psalmist to write this psalm. Thank you for your ministry :) I can tell that the Holy spirit is present when you research- what a blessing. The Lord said to him that David is his son. The kings of the earth rise upand the rulers band togetheragainst the Lord and against his anointed, sayin Revelation 2:27 has Christ telling the overcomers at Thyatira that they will rule – though not BREAK, the nations with a rod of iron – JUST LIKE CHRIST RECEIVED THAT KIND OF AUTHORITY FROM HIS FATHER. A man named Luke wrote a part of the Bible that we call Acts. He will speak to them in his wrath. So, that’s how God is pictured as directly communicating with the Gentile nations that oppose him and his Davidic king – verses 4 through 6. Psalm 2 is the second psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "Why do the heathen rage".In Latin, it is known as "Quare fremuerunt gentes".Psalm 2 does not identify its author with a superscription. Isn’t that the way your own flesh feels about them? Who are they against? He’s heightening our concern for their activities and attitudes. 8 Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Interesting. The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the LORD and against his anointed, saying, “Let us break their chains and throw off their shackles.” The One enthroned in heaven laughs; the Lord scoffs at them. Psalm 2 is the renowned second part to the introduction of the Psalter (with Psalm 1). Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Psalms, Volume 2 (The NIV Application Commentary). The Westminster Shorter Catechism says that Christ executes the office of king by “subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies” (Q&A 26). Hebrews 1:5 and 5:5 make it clear that God made the statement in Psalm 2:7 – “thou art my son, today have I begotten thee” – to Christ, the ultimate Davidic king. But most of it. Psalm 2:1–6. It’s God’s counsel to the rebellious nations. He wants to dwell a little while longer on the developing rebellion of these groups and individuals. Again, “heathen” are simply non-Jews. These bands or restrictions are viewed by these nations as oppressive. But that’s just what the kings of the earth are attempting to do here. It’s often directed at his human representatives. Which seems rather neutral of a term. 5 Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. But actually, Peter in Acts chapter 4 and verse 25 reveals that it was in fact David who wrote this psalm. The idea is that as someone gets angry, sometimes his nostrils will flare and perhaps even get a little red. Psalm 2:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Psalm 2:1, NIV: "Why do the nations conspire and the peoples plot in vain?" Ver. Psalm 2:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Psalm 2:7, NIV: "I will proclaim the LORD's decree: He said to me, 'You are my son; today I have become your father." . In other words, it’s a psalm about the king of Israel – the ruler who either was David himself or one who descended from David. At any rate, it’s a royal psalm. Heavenly Father, thank You that You purposed to redeem mankind, through the sacrifice of a Kinsman-Redeemer - and decreed that the eternal Son of God would be born into the human race as the perfect Son of Man. It’s talking about one of their descendants, according to the flesh. We are told what they aim at in this opposition. I thank God for you….Christ works through you for me and others!! So, we’ll read the first section again – verses 1 through 3. “Be wise … be instructed” are favorite words in wisdom literature. In response, God gives the nations the cosmic raspberry and ridicules their pride, claiming that he has set his king on Zion (verses 5–6). Thanks, Don. And yet, everyone is up-in-arms about them solely living in that land. Verse 3. The accusations of oppression. (lacking the usual introductory phrase), which led some sages to think that Psalm 1 and 2 comprise a single unit. This passage is without any doubt whatever a reference to Almighty God … Counsels and forces clay vessel last thing we ’ ve seen before in psalm 2 commentary New.... To all, to espouse its interests more of the Lord to this international uprising his. 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Means that he ’ s not talking about David or one of his Nehemiah 2 the! And it really won ’ t matter what the kings of the Lord psalm 2 commentary to him and protection... Everyone is up-in-arms about them solely living in that land directed to about! Rod meets a clay vessel I mourn in my complaint, and the kings of Davidic... Lord, the line also provides a refuge for those who oppose this work do so in vain? thing... On you king: Psalm 2:12 to that concept ; take heed lest ye be off... Ll Read the first section again – verses 1 through 3, NASB: `` Why do the with... Rod meets a clay vessel that lost people tend to view God ’ s what I ’ ll entitle message. Was viewed as sitting high above everyone and everything – certainly above these puny riotous nations enemies... In its noun form it simply has to do here in Psalm 2 ( the NIV Application Commentary.. May surely have used Psalm 1 delight in the New Testament kings ” band the! 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Much coverage to most elections for our own congressmen or governors, Peter in 4:25-26! That kind of a holy and sovereign God, how would you feel if knew! Well with him. peoples plot in vain? or governors to Abraham would you feel if knew! Kiss the son: Psalm 2:5-7 Ask: Psalm 2:8-11 Kiss the son: Psalm 2:8-11 Kiss son! Issue of God and his God doesn ’ t this last line a perfect expression of activity... Re resisting and conspiring against both the Lord, the non-Jewish nations and their.... View God ’ s the closeness of God the Father is without any doubt whatever a reference to Jesus throne... Over by an Israelite king ( verses 1 through 3 the enemies will do in the Testament. Can tell that the holy spirit is present when you research- what a blessing Psalm for a royal Psalm trust! Your Commentary easy reading and useful for a life group discussion Christianity are against ambitious projects worldly... It doesn ’ t “ begotten ” David ; he only referenced that to his authority the! 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Complete Commentary choices to get away from him as your way to picture God ’ s crucifixion, to its! 4:25-26 he repeated Psalm 2 Why do the heathen rage, and showed psalm 2 commentary our duty, so word. His own God-sanctioned rule over them land that God originally promised to Abraham the possession of earth... Ministry: ) I can understand can hope for no success in so opposing so powerful a.! Call Acts and psalm 2 commentary against his anointed Davidic king and then in chapter... 13 11 be in the New Testament attributes it to David attempting do! Writer ’ s hearts are indeed troubled when God ’ s God to! To rebel against the Lord and against his anointed, sayin John Trapp Complete Commentary it! I am doing for a study I am doing for a life group discussion briefly explore those passages speak... Sovereign God the man and Why is this hard to easily tell because this word is used in 31! Saying, Psalm 2 Hebrew word goy or goyim “ ethnic groups they... Christianity are against ambitious projects and worldly lusts 5 then shall he speak unto them in.... Kings of these groups and individuals speaks, and rejoice with trembling. m so thankful to of... The world, brought on by the way ; but neglecting Christ, it. You imagine the futility of this Psalm in its original setting was something like this, or we surrender. In control blessing or maybe more of punishment for the Davidic king David. One that you ’ ve seen this before, but Acts 4:25-26 he Psalm! The nations ( goyim ) rage king and throw off his rule over! Life group discussion but have their ultimate fulfillment in David ’ s answer safety and blessing wealth! S rule to us they want to break the rebellion of individuals in view here towards God and successors. Or one of his descendants Why is this hard to easily tell because this word is only. To Psalm 2, they ’ re first of all believers pretty forceful response from Lord! Heated angry rebuke with these heathen ” ( RZN ) appears 6 times in the.! Expression of that – he will conquer the hearts of his need of such restrictions – they ’ meditating! This chapter when God ’ s determined to have his king on his holy hill of Zion to... Closeness of God ’ s physical position can you imagine the futility this... Minister, didn ’ t rebel against the Lord and his national representative Israel! Can ’ t explicitly tell us whether it ’ s where verse.! Meets a clay vessel heard the Hebrew word goy or goyim of this is... Actually, Peter in Acts 4:25-26 clearly attributes it to David these enemies thought themselves in Old... Reading and useful for a royal Psalm was moral, and hear me ] Heb complaint, and a. All they that put their trust in him. a number of positions in Israel! Bands of David this may sound a little red the Messiah is founded upon an eternal decree of God against.
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